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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
13 November 2003

Reason for treatment
Temporary Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Surface clean. Remove tarnish.

The object is in good condition overall. There is dirt and dust on the surface of the object. The object is very lightly tarnished/discoloured. There are the remains of old conservation cleaning products present.

Treatment details
The dirt and dust was removed using cottons swabs of Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone). Old cleaning product residues were removed using cotton swabs of White Spirit (composition variable - petroleum distillate) followed by Acetone. Old residues and dirt in the decorative recesses of the object were removed mechanically under the microscope using the end of a wooden cocktail stick The object was renumbered using magic colour black ink applied on a brush.