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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
24 February 1989

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Clean to remove tarnish. Gentle use of metal polish may be necessary.

Copper-alloy and silver gilt tarnished.

Treatment details
Tarnish removed with Hotel Silver Dip applied on swabs. Gently polished with Duraglit silver polish. Polished using Goddards long term silver cloth.