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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
1 September 1984

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Clean and examine old reconstruction.

Boss: Lacquered, painted black. Tarnish. Niello totally replaced by silver . Garnet cloisons new replacements. Detail and overlay obscured by iron and copper corrosion products. Some old active bronze disease.

Dragon: Lacquered. Grime. Heavily restored with plaster, adhesive, glass fibre and gold paint. Fragile. Tarnished. Apparently stable. Copper corrosion masking detail.

Bird: Lacquered. Tarnish. Copper corrosion products masking detail.

Electroforms: Tarnished.

Treatment details
Boss: Swabbed with Nitromors, methylene chloride. Swabbed with acetone. Vibrotool. Polished with Duraglit Silver Polish. Degreased with acetone on brush and paper towel. Sprayed with 60/40 Frigilene nitro-cellulose lacquer in Frigilene Reducer.

Dragon: Swabbed with acetone. Vibrotool. Polished with Duraglit Silver Polish, Goddards Long Term Silver Cloth and Solvol Autosol. Swabbed with IMS. Sprayed with 60/40 Frigilene in reducer. P.Pearce.

Bird: Washed in actone applied on swabs. Polished with Duraglit Silver Polish. Lacquered with Frigilene 50% in reducer applied with spray gun. R.Goldstraw .

Electroforms: Washed in acetone applied on swabs. Polished with Long Term SIlver Cloth. R.Goldstraw.