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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
30 November 1991

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Clean metal. Stick loose fragment back.

All cups tarnished Cup 9, wood in fragile condition.

Treatment details
All cups cleaned cleaned using Duraglit (cotton wadding, white spirit, Newburgh chalk, china clay) and degreased with acetone. Stubborn tarnish loosened with sodium bicarbonate. Polish residues degreased with acetone. Polished with paper tissues.FNS Repair to wood of cup 9 Paraloid B72,gap-filled with Paraloid and microballoons. Painted with Powder pigments and Paraloid B72.MYL