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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
28 September 2009

Reason for treatment

Treatment proposal
Examine, X-ray, clean, repair, stabilize, and repack as required.

During packaging upgrade for the object for long distance travel, two previously joined fragments were detached. This includes a small fragment of textile that was protruding vertically and the end of the grip nearest to the copper alloy rivet. (Ana Tam, June 2009)

Treatment details
It was considered to be the safest course of action to keep these fragments separate and not rejoin them until they return from York (textile analysis). The packaging was devised to safely house the object in three fragments. (Ana Tam, June 2009)