What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Conservation

Treatment date
27 August 1999

Reason for treatment
Storage

Treatment proposal
Humidify and unroll. Light surface clean. Repair and infill where necessary. Place in Melinex sleeves. Keep flat with rigid support in acid free box.

Condition
7 tracings received rolled up in a brown paper wrapper with 3 crushed labels. 1. Several edge tears and crushed areas around the edges. 2. Two sheets attached with 3 pieces of brown water based tape on the recto. Large crease 20cms across bottom area of the join. Tear 12cms top lt. edge. Crease and crushing bottom lt corner. Two holes near centre of rt edge. 3. Left bottom corner turned and completely crushed. Tear 7cms and 2.5cms left edge. Pin holes in each corner. Two tears top edge. Crushed and creased bottom rt. corner with large loss. Cockled with multiple small creasings overall. 4. Very degraded and discoloured. Top edge - 4 tears, l loss, both top corners missing. Rt edge - 2 losses, l long tear and l area turned under. Long and large loss bottom rt. corner. Multiple small tears and losses along whole of bottom edge. Many fractured areas. Lt bottom corner very torn and fractured. Multiple small tears lt edge and l area turned under. 5. Three sheets adhered together with adhesive. Loss top left edge with 2 long tears. Small tears top edge and 2 tears rt. edge. 6. Torn and ragged top lt corner. Several small tears top edge. Loss rt. top corner. 2 long tears and l loss rt. edge. Very ragged area bottom edge 15cms. l area of loss bottom lt corner which is crushed and creased. 7. Very degraded and fragile. Additional strip of tracing paper adhered along bottom edge which is very cockled. Very cockled with tears and loose fragments. Tear across entire tracing horizonrally in centre and further tear 2/3rds of way across tracing. Rt and lt edges very brittle with multiple cracks and losses (10 fragments rtside, 6 lt side). Around edges multiple cracks with turned edges. Tracing paper ginger in colour and very brittle. 5 strips glacine tape attached around edges at interavals on recto.

Treatment details
All tracings dusted with a soft brush. Non-fragile tracings mechanically cleaned with an eraser. Glacine and brown tapes moisturised with water, removed with tweezers and residual adhesive removed with water and cotton wool. Creases, crushed areas and turned edges moisturised with water and boned flat. Tears, creases, areas of loss, pin holes and fractured areas supported with Tengujo tissue toned with Winsor and Newton artist's watercolours (organic,inorganic pigments,gum arabic) and adhered with Abra starch (wheat starch). Losses infilled with double Tengujo tissue. Attached tracings - adhered area moisturised with dampened blotting paper and heated with a spatula, tracing removed and residual adhesive removed similarly. All areas of loss and fractures toned-in with Winsor and Newton artist's watercolours (organic,inorganic pigments,gum arabic). Placed over Gore-Tex to humidify and pressed between blotters. Objects comprising several tracings were reattached using thin Japanese paper and Abra starch (wheat starch).All tracings enclosed in a Melinex sleeve and very long and fragile ones then attached to acid free mount board.