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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
1 October 1980

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
. Delacquer and clean.

Tarnished and lacquered.

Treatment details
Lacquer removed with Nitromors, Methylene chloride ,brushed on and washed off with tap water. Wiped with acetone on cotton-wool swabs.tarnish removed with Hotel Silver Dip,rinsed off with tap water. polished with Long term silver cloth. lacquer in incised decoration removed with a pin vice. polished with Duraglit wadding and cloth. 30% formic acid on cotton-wool swabs.