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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
10 April 1996

Reason for treatment
Temporary Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Clean. Straighten creased areas. Req 61805

Extremely dirty. Very thin, floppy. Badly creased, crumpled, bente. Shallow repoussé design. Four deliberately pierced ancient (by appearance) holes around face. Some tearing around junctions of creases, small tear in top edge.

Treatment details
Req 61795 Apr 1996 Cleaned in Detarol (n-hydroxylethyl ethylenediaminetriacetic acid,trisodium salt), 10% in distilled water. Washed in running tap water. Torn creases backed with HMG heatproof and waterproof adhesive (cellulose nitrate) and fibre glass tissue.