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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
15 November 2013

Reason for treatment
Temporary Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Readhere lifting gold trim. Dry clean away fruiting mould bodies.

Currently loose and unmounted. Object curling/bowing slightly. Composite object - decorative red and gold borders with thick blue paper backing. Borders, although not conservation-grade, appear integral to the object and not to be harming the painting. The blue paper backing is mottled with mould damage, with some small fruiting bodies visible under magnification. There is a small hole in the backing and some adhesive staining, but neither are visible from the front. Gold trim lifting in places. Gouache pigments appear stable.

Treatment details
The verso was dry cleaned under magnification using a Mars plastic eraser, cotton wool, and a conservation vacuum. The gold trim where lifting was readhered using 5% methylcellulose.