What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Museum number

1858,1116.2

Description

Back to object details 

Image service:

Recommend


More views

  • Bronze shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Copper-alloy shield boss with repoussé ornament in the form of stylized bird-heads. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Front

  • Copper-alloy shield boss with repoussé ornament in the form of stylized bird-heads. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Front

  • Copper-alloy shield boss with repoussé ornament in the form of stylized bird-heads. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Front

  • Copper-alloy shield boss with repoussé ornament in the form of stylized bird-heads. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Back

  • Copper-alloy shield boss with repoussé ornament in the form of stylized bird-heads. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Side

  • Copper-alloy shield boss. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Front

  • Copper-alloy shield boss. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.
Scale not specified

    Detail: Other

  • Copper-alloy shield boss. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Front

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Detail of Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Detail of Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Detail of Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Detail of Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Detail of Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Detail: Other

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Iron Age copper-alloy shield boss.

    Full: Front

  • Copper-alloy shield boss with repoussé ornament in the form of stylized bird-heads. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Front

  • Copper-alloy shield boss with repoussé ornament in the form of stylized bird-heads. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Front

  • Copper-alloy shield boss with repoussé ornament in the form of stylized bird-heads. The metal varies in thickness from 1.3mm at the base to 0.75mm at the top of the boss and 0.6mm at the edge of the flange. Wrought sheet copper-alloy roundel with a central boss that is surrounded by a circular ridge; the latter has been made sinuous by punching a tracer into the metal at the back in zig-zag manner. The surface of the boss has been ornamented with a chased design that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the boss, although there are slight differences in detail. In the centre of the boss there is a depression with a central rivet hole; an ornamented stud was presumably once placed in this depression. In the groove around the top of the boss traces of a walked scorper line can just be detected; this line has been restored all the way round. The flange around the boss is embellished with relief curvilinear ornament that consists of two identical motifs each covering one half of the flange. The axis of symmetry is on almost exactly the same diameter as the axis of symmetry of the pattern on the boss. The outer edges of the relief have been sharpened at the front with a blunt tracer. In some of the hollowed areas bordered by the relief work there are engraved and chased patterns, some of the lines having been produced in rocked graver technique. In the centre of the depression on each of the formalised bird-heads there is a rivet, probably for the attachment of a now missing stud. The mount was attached to a shield by means of six rivets of which only one now survives; this has a domed head and projects 8mm at the back of the mount, indicating that the shield itself was no more than 8mm thick.

    Full: Front