Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (

Museum number

1987,0404.2

Description

Full: Front

Sword and scabbard. The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back. Handle The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (

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  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (

    Full: Front

  • Iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    Full: Front

  • COMPASS Image Caption: Kirkburn Sword

    Unknown

  • COMPASS Title: The Kirkburn Sword

    Unknown

  • Iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    Full: Front

  • Iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    3/4: Left

  • Iron sword; about 697 mm long. The blade is about 590 mm long and about 40 mm wide at the top, but is obscured by the copper-alloy and iron scabbard and cannot be distinguished on X-rays.  The handle of the sword (137 mm long) is made of four parts slotted over the tang. The pommel is in two parts, the more substantial lower piece being a shaped iron frame, 57 mm long and 9 mm wide, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube that is 71 mm long and slightly more wide than deep (19 x 16 mm at the top, 20 x 15 mm at the bottom and 24.5 x 21 mm in the middle). X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot

    Detail: Other

  • Sword and scabbard. The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).     (a) Pommel:  The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.    (b) Grip:  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube. X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.    (c) Guard:  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot now be distinguished. In the centre, the horn is decorated, front and back, with a further pair of pinned roundels to match those on the pommel.

    Full: Front

  • Radiograph of iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.  Unprocessed image for storage.

    X-Ray

  • Radiograph of iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass. Unprocessed image

    X-Ray

  • Radiograph of iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    X-Ray

  • Radiograph of iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    X-Ray

  • Radiograph of iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    X-Ray

  • Radiograph of handle of iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    X-Ray

  • Radiograph of handle of iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    X-Ray

  • Iron sword blade with ornate handle made of thirty-seven different pieces of iron, bronze and horn, and decorated with red glass.

    X-Ray

  • Sword and scabbard. The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).     (a) Pommel:  The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.    (b) Grip:  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube. X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.    (c) Guard:  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot now be distinguished. In the centre, the horn is decorated, front and back, with a further pair of pinned roundels to match those on the pommel.

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).     (a) Pommel:  The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.    (b) Grip:  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube. X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.    (c) Guard:  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot now be distinguished. In the centre, the horn is decorated, front and back, with a further pair of pinned roundels to match those on the pommel.

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).     (a) Pommel:  The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.    (b) Grip:  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube. X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.    (c) Guard:  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot now be distinguished. In the centre, the horn is decorated, front and back, with a further pair of pinned roundels to match those on the pommel.

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).     (a) Pommel:  The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.    (b) Grip:  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube. X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.    (c) Guard:  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot now be distinguished. In the centre, the horn is decorated, front and back, with a further pair of pinned roundels to match those on the pommel.

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).     (a) Pommel:  The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.    (b) Grip:  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube. X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.    (c) Guard:  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot now be distinguished. In the centre, the horn is decorated, front and back, with a further pair of pinned roundels to match those on the pommel.

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).     (a) Pommel:  The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.    (b) Grip:  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube. X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.    (c) Guard:  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot now be distinguished. In the centre, the horn is decorated, front and back, with a further pair of pinned roundels to match those on the pommel.

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).     (a) Pommel:  The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central rivets. The tang does not seem to be perforated for the lower central roundels, so one assumes they were pinned rather than riveted. Between the four pommel roundels on the front, and perhaps the back, are three, apparently triangular, panels of red glass 'enamel'. The top and sides of the frame, and the sides of the tube above it, are also decorated with red glass 'enamel', and include a circular motif with a central triangle, a crescent and possibly a running dog design, but very little of it survives.  The four roundels on the front of the pommel are 15-17 mm diameter, each with a large domed iron cap, which is either the head of the pin/rivet or a washer secured by the pin/rivet, resting in a cup-shaped copper-alloy washer. The surface of the iron dome has been filed to a network pattern to key the red glass 'enamel', of which only patches survive. On the back of the pommel, the lower roundel is constructed in the same way, but has been thrown out of position by corrosion (if it had been pinned rather than riveted it would have been less secure than the others). The other three roundels on the back lack the 'enamel': the upper roundel (which is functional as well as decorative, as its shank passes through a perforation in the tang) has a domed copper-alloy washer and the side roundels have domed iron washers, all of them rest on flat or cup-shaped iron washers.    (b) Grip:  The grip is covered by a hollow iron tube. X-rays show the iron tang within, and presumably there was an organic packing between tube and tang. The whole of the surface of the grip is decorated with red glass 'enamel' in cells cut into the iron. On the front the design is quartered, with matching panels in the top left/bottom right and vice versa. In the simpler design are three vertical lines of arcading, whereas the more complex design has broad S-stems which are pointed at the ends and each enclose two crescents and two dots. The back of the grip, now with a central vertical split, is decorated with horizontal stripes of red glass 'enamel' between alternating broad and narrow ribs of iron decorated with vertical tooling.    (c) Guard:  The guard is made of horn, the grain of which crosses the width of the handle. Judging from X-rays, it terminates in an iron hilt end (a broad strip shaped to match the mouth of the scabbard) and, like its opposite number, the frame of the pommel, has curving arms, each enclosing a pair of roundels riveted together. The ends of the arms have been decorated with red glass 'enamel', but the design cannot now be distinguished. In the centre, the horn is decorated, front and back, with a further pair of pinned roundels to match those on the pommel.

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.     Handle    The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (

    Full: Front

  • Sword and scabbard.  The sword is made of iron and the scabbard has a decorated copper alloy front and an iron back.   Handle  The handle of the sword is made of four parts, slotted over the tang: a two-part pommel (a), a grip, (b), and a hilt guard (c).   (a) Pommel: The more substantial lower piece of the pommel is a shaped iron frame, apparently enclosing a piece of horn. The frame is perforated in the centre to pass over the tang, and is surmounted by an iron washer and then by the second part of the pommel, a short cylindrical iron tube on its side. The tube, too, would have been perforated to fit over the tang, whose top would have been burred above it. Within the tube was presumably an organic cylinder (horn?), attached by a central iron rivet that passes through a perforation in the upper part of the tang and terminates in large domed roundels at the front and back of the pommel. The iron frame embraces six more roundels, those at the sides apparently linked by central r… (See Merlin record for full description)

    Full: Front