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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Denomination

    • pound, 50
  • Description

    Unissued banknote.(obverse) Vignette of a ship in the centre left. Printed in black.
    (reverse) Blank.

  • Authority

  • Date

    • 1800-1877
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 202 millimetres
    • Width: 154 millimetres
  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    3 May 2012

    Treatment proposal

    Lift secondary material. Flatten turn-overs and repair as necessary. Coins and Medals to provide acid-free card supports.


    Small turnovers around edges. Moderate surface dirt in margins. Creases and folds making substrate weak, losses of top layer due to abrasion of apex of creases.

    Treatment details

    Surface cleaned with grated Staedtler Plastic Eraser around margins and on verso. Moistened turnovers with damp cotton wool swab and weighted flat. Tears and creases repaired or strengthened with Japanese paper and wheat starch paste adhesive (gluten-free). Infilled major losses in margins with toned Japanese paper, adherred with wheat starch paste (gluten-free) and further toned in with pastels.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    On loan from ifs School of Finance (previously Chartered Institute of Bankers) between 1987 and 2009.

  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number


Banknote (50 pounds; unissued).


Banknote (50 pounds; unissued).

Image description



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Object reference number: CIB1140

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