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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Gold finger-ring; bezel an applied disc; incised monogram; beaded wire border; three pellets on shoulders; hoop a rod; terminating under bezel in flat heart-shaped scrolls.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 6thC-7thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 0.86 inches
    • Diameter: 0.72 millimetres
    • Weight: 100 grains
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

        REGINAE [?]
      • Inscription Translation

        of the queen [?]
  • Curator's comments

    Text from Dalton 1912, Catalogue of Finger Rings, no. 157:
    See Deloche, 'Anneaux sigillaires', p. 98, no. lxxxiv; and cf. the ring from Mâcon (ibid., p. 25).Comment from Kidd, Haith & Ager ‘Summary Catalogue’ (draft MS)

    Found at Andernach, Kr. Mayen Koblenz, Rheinland Pfalz, Germany (Garthe Coll. 1877); from a cemetery "auf dem Martinsberg bei Anlage des Schumacherschen Eiskellers", 1867 (Koenen 1888)
    Acquired at sale of Garthe Collection held by J.M. Heberle, Köln (Cologne), 28th May, 1877
    Ex collections Hugo Garthe of Köln (Cologne); Tauchnit[z] (Deloche 1890)

    GARTHE COLL. 1877. Catalog der Kunst-Sammlungen...Verstorbenen Herrn Hugo Garthe.... I. Abtheilung... Versteigerung zu Cöln den 18. Mai 1877... durch J.M. Herberle. Cologne, p. 39 lot 1010
    KOENEN C. 1888. Die vorrömischen, römischen und fränkischen Gräber in Andernach, Jahrbücher des Vereins von Alterthumsfreunden im Rheinlande LXXXVI, Bonn, p. 198
    DELOCHE M. 1891. Étude sur quelques cachets et anneaux de l'époque mérovingienne, Bulletin et Mémoires de la Société archéologique et historique de la Charente 6th series I for 1890-91, Angoulême, 205-16, 368-9 no. CXXVII
    DELOCHE M. 1900. Étude Historique et Archéologique sur les Anneaux Sigillaires et Autres des Premiers Siècles du Moyen Age. Paris, p. 98 no. LXXXIV


  • Bibliography

    • Dalton 1912 157 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    27 April 1994

    Reason for treatment


    Treatment proposal

    . . Clean mount.


    Mounts very tarnished.

    Treatment details

    Tarnish was removed using Goddards Hotel Silver Dip by immersion and brushing. Washed in running tap water. Dried with kleenex tissue. Remaining tarnish removed with cleaned using Silvo, silver wadding polish, degreased with acetone on cotton- wool swabs. Mounts presumed to be silver by curator shown after cleaning to be silver-gilt.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


Gold finger-ring; bezel an applied disc; incised monogram; beaded wire border; three pellets on shoulders; hoop a rod; terminating under bezel in flat heart-shaped scrolls.

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Object reference number: MCS1908

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