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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Iron awl: rectangular-sectioned tang, square-sectioned body tapering to broken tip; corroded.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1stC-4thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 85 millimetres
    • Width: 7 millimetres
    • Thickness: 5 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Orlinska 2001
    Findspot: Ennewitz; 'En[…]'; Gemeinde Glesien, Landkreis Delitzsch; Sachsen; Cemetery.

    Period of Roman Influence.

    cf. V, 5.1.Comment from Kidd, Haith & Ager 'Summary Catalogue' (draft MS)

    Ennewitz, Gem. Glesien, Kr. Delitzsch, Sachsen, Germany; in Dr Klemm's MS catalogue his no. 261, a pair of shears, is said to have been found in an urn here; his nos. 262 to 266 are provenanced 'ebendorthin', it being unclear whether it is the site or the urn referred to; see registration nos. OA.646 and OA.467; also found were an iron buckle and knife; the pieces could conceivably all be from a burial of Roman Iron Age date

    Purchased/ex collection:
    Possibly From Gustav Klemm (see introduction to registration no. 1868,1228.327); this object and registration nos. OA.285, OA.646, OA.647 and OA.281 may have been previously unregistered residue from the Klemm Collection

    [See also registration no. OA.6737.b]


  • Bibliography

    • Orlinska 2001 p.83 bibliographic details
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Klemm.263
Iron awl: rectangular-sectioned tang, square-sectioned body tapering to broken tip; corroded.



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Object reference number: MCS2469

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