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Updated: 14 April 2015
Silver medal.(obverse) A hand from heaven holding a cord, which connects the shields of England and France, both crowned, and a heart with the arrows of the United Provinces.
(reverse) Fleet in distress; above, in radiated clouds, the name of Jehovah in Hebrew.
- Made in: British Isles (?)
- (Europe,British Isles)
- Diameter: 51 millimetres
- Weight: 45.75 grammes
Inscription ContentQVID . ME . PERSEQVERIS. 1596.
Inscription TranslationWhy persecutest thou me ?
Inscription CommentActs, ix. 4.
Stops, crosses saltire.
Inscription ContentRVMPITVR . HAVD . FACILE.
Inscription TranslationIt is not easily broken.
Inscription CommentStops, crosses saltire.
Medallic Illustrations 1
In 1596, Elizabeth despatched a fleet to Cadiz and destroyed an immense armament prepared for the invasion of England by Philip II, who sustained damage to the amount of about 20,000,000 ducats. He rapidly formed another armament which sailed from Ferrol, but was overtaken with a violent storm off Cape Finisterre, when 40 vessels were wrecked and 5,000 seamen drowned. These repeated failures were attributed to the direct interposition of Providence, who is here made to address Philip in the words addressed to Saul. The obverse of this medal alludes to the confederacy between England, France and the Netherlands, which was still in force when the Spanish fleet was destroyed, but which was easily broken by Henry IV. (See Medallic Illustrations 1, p. 173, No. 170.)
See Pinkerton, J., ‘The Medallic History of England to the Revolution’, London, 1790 (fol.), ix. 3; Van Loon, Gerard, ‘Histoire Métallique des XVII. Provinces des Pays-Bas’, 5 vol. La Haye, 1732-1837 (fol) [There is also an edition in Dutch, but with different paging], I. 476; Luckius, Johannes Jacobus, ‘Sylloge Numismatum elegantiorum, &c.’, Argentinae, 1620 (fol), 357; Evelyn, John, ‘A Discourse of Medals ancient and modern, &c’, London, 1697 (fol.), 99.
- Emblem of: France
- Commemoration of: Defeat of Philip II of Spain by the allies
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Object reference number: CME942
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