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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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medal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    M.5046

  • Description

    Silver medal.(obverse) Draped bust of Edward Jenner bare head left.
    (reverse) Children holding hands dancing around a cow, angel amid clouds above holding a garland of roses.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1796
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 36 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        obverse
      • Inscription Language

        German
      • Inscription Content

        EDUARD JENNER ENTDECKER DER SCHUTZIMPFUNG D . 14 MAI 1796
      • Inscription Translation

        Edward Jenner, discoverer of vaccination, the 14th May, 1796.
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        reverse
      • Inscription Language

        German
      • Inscription Content

        EHRE SEY GOTT IN DER HÖHE
      • Inscription Translation

        Glory be to God on high
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        reverse
      • Inscription Language

        German
      • Inscription Content

        UND FREUDE
        AUF ERDEN
      • Inscription Translation

        and joy on earth.
      • Inscription Comment

        In exergue.
  • Curator's comments

    Brown 1
    Edward Jenner (1749-1823) physician and discoverer of the effects of vaccination as a protection against smallpox. He was the son of a Gloucestershire clergyman and was apprenticed to a surgeon at Sodbury. He became a pupil of John Hunter. He began to practise in Berkeley in 1773 and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1788. Jenner made a study of the incidence of cow-pox and the tradition that those employed with cows did not catch smallpox. His discoveries led to the mild cow-pox being used as protection against the smallpox and his first experimental vaccination was carried out on a healthy child on the 14th May 1796. He established an institute for the supply of cow-lymph and obtained grants from Parliament in 1802 and 1806 amounting to £30,000.

    This medal is by a German engraver and was struck in Germany; it is included here for the sake of completeness.

    Bibliography: Freeman, Sarah Elizabeth, 'Medals relating to Medicine and Allied Sciences in the numismatic collection of the John Hopkins University', Baltimore, 1964, 267; Holzmair, Dr. E. 'Katalog der Sammlung Dr. Joseph Brettauer Medicina in Nummis', Vienna, 1937, 566; Storer, H. R. 'Medicina in Nummis, A descriptive list of coins - medals - jetons relating to medicine, surgery and the allied sciences', edited by Malcolm Storer, Boston, 1931, 1798.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Brown 1 p97.412 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number

    M.5046

  • C&M Catalogue number

    • MB3p97.412

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Object reference number: CME5176

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