Bronze medal.(obverse) Draped bust of Edward Jenner bare head left.
(reverse) Children holding hands dancing around a cow, angel amid clouds above holding a garland of roses.
- Made in: Germany
- Diameter: 36 millimetres
Inscription ContentEDUARD JENNER ENTDECKER DER SCHUTZIMPFUNG D . 14 MAI 1796
Inscription TranslationEdward Jenner, discoverer of vaccination, the 14th May, 1796.
Inscription ContentEHRE SEY GOTT IN DER HÖHE
Inscription TranslationGlory be to God on high
Inscription ContentUND FREUDE
Inscription Translationand joy on earth.
Inscription CommentIn exergue.
Edward Jenner (1749-1823) physician and discoverer of the effects of vaccination as a protection against smallpox. He was the son of a Gloucestershire clergyman and was apprenticed to a surgeon at Sodbury. He became a pupil of John Hunter. He began to practise in Berkeley in 1773 and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1788. Jenner made a study of the incidence of cow-pox and the tradition that those employed with cows did not catch smallpox. His discoveries led to the mild cow-pox being used as protection against the smallpox and his first experimental vaccination was carried out on a healthy child on the 14th May 1796. He established an institute for the supply of cow-lymph and obtained grants from Parliament in 1802 and 1806 amounting to £30,000.
This medal is by a German engraver and was struck in Germany; it is included here for the sake of completeness.
Bibliography: Freeman, Sarah Elizabeth, 'Medals relating to Medicine and Allied Sciences in the numismatic collection of the John Hopkins University', Baltimore, 1964, 267; Holzmair, Dr. E. 'Katalog der Sammlung Dr. Joseph Brettauer Medicina in Nummis', Vienna, 1937, 566; Storer, H. R. 'Medicina in Nummis, A descriptive list of coins - medals - jetons relating to medicine, surgery and the allied sciences', edited by Malcolm Storer, Boston, 1931, 1798.
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Object reference number: CME5177
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