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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Box of fragments of gold foil from shield 1939,1010.94 with repoussé or interlace decoration, all mounted on glass.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • early 7thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    12 October 2005

    Treatment proposal

    Clean, consolidate, repair & repack as necessary.


    The gold foil fragments are in fragile condition, but the packaging is inadequate. They are placed between the two pieces of glass, on a piece of paper. The edges of the glasses were sealed with tape which is aged, yellowed and failing.

    Treatment details

    The gold fragments were placed on acid free cardboards. The old tape around the glass mounts were removed and any residues were cleaned off by swabbing with Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone) and Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol). Then the acid free cardboards with the gold foils were placed between the glass mounts and the edges were sealed with magic tape as well as with the filmo plast mounting tape. Two mounts were placed in plastazote cut outs in a medium sized crystal box.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1939

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: MCS7894

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