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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Denomination

    • dinar
  • Description

    Gold coin.(obverse) Inscription.
    (reverse) Inscription.

  • Authority

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 696-697 (AH 77)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Weight: 4.25 grammes
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Translation

        Central inscription: There is no God but God, He is alone, He has no associate.
        Marginal inscription: Muhammad is the Messenger of God. He sent him with Guidance and the true religion that he might overcome all [religions even though the polytheists hate it].
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Translation

        Central inscription: God is one, God is the eternal, He did not beget and He was not begotten
        Marginal inscription: In the name of God, this dinar was struck in the year 77.
  • Bibliography

    • BMC Oriental (Arab-Byzantine) 186, p.84 bibliographic details
    • MacGregor 2010 46 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Exhibition history


    2010-2011, London, BM/BBC, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number


  • C&M Catalogue number

    • EBp84.186


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: COC28573

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