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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Denomination

    • dinar, 1/3
  • Description

    Gold coin.(obverse) Arabic inscription.
    (reverse) Arabic inscription

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 721 (AH 103)
  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Weight: 1.31 grammes
    • Diameter: 13 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

        لا إله إ
        لا الله
        محمد رسول الله أرسله بالهدى و دين الحق
      • Inscription Translation

        There is no god
        but God
        Muhammad is the Messenger of God, He sent him with guidance and the religion of truth.
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

        بسم الله
        ضرب هذا الثلث سنة ثلث و مئة
      • Inscription Translation

        In the name of God
        The Benificent
        The Merciful
        This third was struck in the year 103.
  • Bibliography

    • BMC Oriental (Arab-Byzantine) 222, p.93 bibliographic details
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Marsden VII
  • C&M Catalogue number

    • EBp93.222


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: COC28609

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