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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Copper alloy buckle, complete, forming a pair with buckle 1939,1010.151. The loop is oval shaped and circular in cross-section. The tongue is oblong in cross-section, with a flat end which curves around the bar of the buckle-loop, and a small rectangular platform decorated with two grooves at the base of the tongue. The buckle-plate is rectangular, comprising a sheet of copper alloy folded back to form the upper and lower plates of the buckle, and a loop to hold the buckle-loop. The end of leather strap 1939,1010.150a remains in the buckle-plate. One dome-headed rivet passes through the buckle-plate and is attached to leather strap 1939,1010.150a; two other rivets are missing. The buckle is green and very corroded. Excavated from Area C and shoes complex.


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • early 7thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 2.35 centimetres (plate and loop)
    • Width: 1.8 centimetres (plate)
    • Width: 2.8 centimetres (loop)
  • Bibliography

    • Bruce-Mitford 1983 Figs. 55a-b bibliographic details
  • Exhibition history


    1980 10 Mar-30 Sep, Sweden, Stockholm, Statens Historika Museum, The Vikings are Here

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    11 November 2005

    Reason for treatment


    Treatment proposal

    Consolidate, repair and re-pack as necesaary.


    A copper alloy buckle. The buckle has a loose leather fragment. The object is unsuitably packed.

    Treatment details

    The leather fragment was re-joined using HMG Paraloid B72 (methyl ethyl methacrlylate). Packed object with a plastazote lining within a crystal box. The box was labelled with the registration number on the lid and on a tyvek label inserted under the packing.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1939

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: MCS13399

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