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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Silver spoon of late classical type, with a moulded handle joined to the oval bowl by a vertically set disc. The top of the handle is inscribed +PAULOS in Greek letters. The handle is thin and rectangular, and ends in a terminal knop with one band of beading preceding it.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 6thC-7thC(early)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 25.4 centimetres (overall)
    • Width: 3.8 centimetres (bowl)
    • Weight: 67 grammes
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        top of handle
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Transliteration

  • Curator's comments

    Pair with 1939,1010.89

  • Bibliography

    • Bruce-Mitford 1983 Figs. 102, 103a, 106, 111 bibliographic details
  • Exhibition history


    2013 26 Jul-16 Oct, Germany, Paderborn, Diozesanmuseum, Christianisation of Medieval Europe
    2008 22 Aug-7 Dec, Germany, Bonn, Kunst and Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Rome and the Barbarians
    2008 28 Jan-20 Jul, Italy, Venice, Palazzo Grassi, Rome and the Barbarians
    1980 10 Mar-30 Sep, Sweden, Stockholm, Statens Historika Museum, The Vikings are Here

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1939

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 1939,10-10,23a (former number)


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: MCS16202

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