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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Gold foil ornament from the boss collar of shield 1939,1010.94. About three quarters of the outer rim exists, with the same design as 1939,1010.94.E1. Attached to inner relief band of dotting. Also a few loose gold foil fragments.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • early 7thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 5.1 centimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Bruce-Mitford 1978 Fig. 52 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    12 October 2005

    Treatment proposal

    Clean, consolidate, repair & repack as necessary.


    The gold foil has been adhered to cardboard using cellulose nitrate adhesive during previous conservation. The three dimensional foil has been adhered to a flat surface and many areas of the design have been crushed or are unsupported leading to loss. fragments have detached and are within the packing.

    Treatment details

    The fragile edges of the gilding and unsecured areas were consolidated with a 5% solution of Paraloid B72 in acetone. The detached fragments of gilding could not be relocated and were placed in a small gelatine capsule. The object was repacked.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1939

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: MCS16381

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