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toggle

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1846,0322.138

  • Description

    Copper alloy toggle. Cast copper alloy, with triangular and curving sided insets for glass 'enamel'. The glass has mostly now dropped out, but a few devitrified and oxidised fragments remain. The insets are boredered by incised lines. At either end of the central rectangular panel and at either end of the enamel insets are bands of incised hatching. Each of the two circular ends has an incised triangular design. The ornament is on one face only. There rectangular perforation through the centre of the piece.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 50 - 150 (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 103.2 millimetres
    • Width: 17.1 millimetres
    • Thickness: 15.5 millimetres
    • Length: 27 millimetres (rectangular perforation)
    • Weight: 103 grammes
  • Curator's comments

    From a hoard of metal objects in a pit lined with burnt clay found by chance in ploughing a field in June 1800 near the top of the Polden Hills somewhere near Bridgewater (Harford 1803: 90-1). Harford wrote: "the hoard was ploughed up near the top of Polden Hill near Bridgewater. Polden hill is an eminence on one side of Kings Sedgemoor, a little above the village of Edington, where are evident remains of a Roman station."
    According to W.A. Seaby (quoted in C. Fox 1952: 54), the hoard was probably found on Knowle Hill in Bawdrip parish; the source of Seaby's information is not cited, but it may be related to two letters sent to the British Museum (from R. Rainbird Clarke on 26th May 1938 and H.S.L. Dewar on 11th March 1949) which give this location. Mansel Spratling (quoted in Brailsford 1975, 222) has suggested that this could be a confusion arising from the fact that there is a terret from Knowle Hill in Taunton Museum. This terret is very different to the Polden Hill group, and is much more extensively mineralised. It may be safest (as Brailsford has argued) to dismiss the Bawdrip location and accept the original location: 'a little above the village of Edington'.This toggle was previously thought to be 1846,0322.136, as it is mis-marked with this number. in fact the register clearly shows that 1846,0322.136 is one half of a toggle, which with 1846,0322.137 forms a complete object. Both of these halves had erroneously been labelled .137, causing additional confusion.
    Although 1846,0322.138 was listed as missing in Brailsford 1975 publication on the hoard, the toggle published as 1846,0322.136 is in fact this piece.

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  • Bibliography

    • Harford 1803 bibliographic details
    • Spratling 1972 236 bibliographic details
    • Brailsford 1975a Toggles 1, 3, 9 (listed several times in error) bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G1/wp196

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:
    1998 18 Apr-12 Jul, Japan, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Art, Celtic Art

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition notes

    In sale on March 23rd 1846

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1846,0322.138

Copper alloy toggle. Cast copper alloy, with triangular and curving sided insets for glass 'enamel'. The glass has mostly now dropped out, but a few devitrified and oxidised fragments remain. The insets are boredered by incised lines. At either end of the central rectangular panel and at either end of the enamel insets are bands of incised hatching. Each of the two circular ends has an incised triangular design. The ornament is on one face only. There is a 27 mm long rectangular perforation through the centre of the piece.

Copper alloy toggle. Cast copper alloy, with triangular and curving sided insets for glass 'enamel'. The glass has mostly now dropped out, but a few devitrified and oxidised fragments remain. The insets are boredered by incised lines. At either end of the central rectangular panel and at either end of the enamel insets are bands of incised hatching. Each of the two circular ends has an incised triangular design. The ornament is on one face only. There is a 27 mm long rectangular perforation through the centre of the piece.

Image description

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Object reference number: BCB6783

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