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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Bowl; silver; centre punched/chased with gothic star motif within two concentric circles; hallmark.

  • Date

    • 1497 to 1499 (? mark "V" perhaps for Venetian governer of Cyprus, Andrea Venerio)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 121 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        front edge
      • Inscription Comment

        Lion of St Mark, V below and cross to the left for Venice.
  • Curator's comments

    For discussion of marks see Durand and Giovannoni 2012 cited

  • Bibliography

    • Durand & Giovannoni 2012 cat.176e bibliographic details
  • Exhibition history


    2012-2013 Oct-Feb, Paris, Musee du Louvre, 'Chypre medievale, entre Byzance, l'Orient et l'Occident'
    2006-2007 5 Oct-7 Jan, London, V&A, The Renaissance Home: Life and Art in the Italian House, 1400-1600

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    With 1986, 10-9, 1, 3,4,5 as part of a hoard

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: MCT3049

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