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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Copper alloy helmet cheekpiece from legionary helmet.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 165.1 millimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Brailsford 1962 A20 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    20 July 1995

    Treatment proposal

    Attempt to improve appearance by surface cleaning. Check old repairs.


    Dirty, uneven corrosion. Split in two places, old reapairs made with adhesive (probably HMG) and fibre glass matting reinforcement.

    Treatment details

    Cleaned manually using scalpel. Cleaned using IMS (industrial methylated spirits) applied on cotton wool swabs. Brushed using bristle brush. Consolidated using 5% Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) 50/50 in acetone/Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) applied using brush. Treatment was not particularly successful in improving appearance, but object is stable. Old joins inspected and found to be satisfactory.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


Objects from Hod Hill. Registration stem: 1892,0901, refer to picture for registration number.

Group of Objects

Objects from Hod Hill. Registration stem: 1892,0901, refer to picture for registration number.

Image description



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: BCB10515

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