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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Woodblock print. Bijinga. Geisha with closed umbrella and the end of her foulard between her teeth.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1787-1867 (artist)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Comment

        Eizan, Kikugawa
  • Bibliography

    • Binyon 1916 32 bibliographic details
    • Hizo Ukiyo-e taikan Vol 2 BW 180 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    12 December 2001

    Treatment proposal

    Repair and remount.


    Moderate condition. Lined with old print repairs on the verso. Water damage visible on purple robe. Lots of large insect holes which indicate that the print was rolled at some stage when the damage occured.

    Treatment details

    Lifted from old bm mount. Reduced adhesive around the edges and removed paper.Filled losses with hosho paper toned with watercolour. Humidified and flattened.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • B32


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: JCF3034

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