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Zhoujintang 晝錦堂 ((Name of a scholar's studio))

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1981,1110,0.1

  • Title (object)

    • Zhoujintang 晝錦堂 ((Name of a scholar's studio))
  • Description

    Handscroll. Calligraphic frontispiece. Studio in garden, followed by "Zhoujintang ji" inscription (essay by Ouyang Xiu); anonymous portrait of Han Qi and biography of him. Painted in ink on paper. Signed.

  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1544
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 62.5 centimetres (image)
    • Height: 29.5 centimetres (image)
    • Length: 939.5 centimetres (scroll)
    • Height: 32 centimetres (scroll)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Content

        題跋三為篆書:韓魏公為宰相十年,當仁宗之末,英宗之初,朝廷多故,公臨大節,處危疑,苟利國家,知無不為,若湍水之赴深壑,無所疑憚。或諫曰:公所為如是,誠善。萬壹蹉趺,豈唯身不自保?恐聚無處所,殆非明喆之所尚也。公歎曰:此何言也?凡為人臣者,盡力以事君,死生以之,顧事之是非何如耳!至於成敗而也,豈可豫憂其不成,遂(車+炎)不為哉?聞者愧服。其忠勇如此,故能光輔三後,大濟覲(堇+鳥),使中外人心餔啖嬉游,直若曾無驚視傾聽窃語之警,地
        致天宇,太寧公之力也。
      • Inscription Comment

        third colophon on the mount in Seal Script
      • Inscription Type

        seal
      • Inscription Content

        首鈐:「經國大業不朽盛事」(朱文)、後鈐「辭達而已」(白文)、「文房之印」 (朱文)。
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        引首:晝錦堂。
      • Inscription Comment

        frontispiece: Zhoujingtang ji: written by Chen Cun
      • Inscription Type

        seal
      • Inscription Content

        鈐:「蓬島松風」(白文橢圓印)、「金榜中人」(朱文)、「東海徐氏」(白文)。另有「柏秋秘玩」(朱文)。
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Comment

        no inscription on the painting
      • Inscription Type

        seal
      • Inscription Position

        bottom left corner
      • Inscription Content

        左下角鈐:「陳氏道復」(白文方印)。
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Content

        題跋一:《晝錦堂記》一篇,款:甲辰春日,書於荊谿道中。道復記。
      • Inscription Comment

        colophon on the mount: first colophon
      • Inscription Type

        seal
      • Inscription Content

        首鈐:「復父氏」(白文)。後鈐:「陳淳之印」(白文)、「陳氏道復」(白文)。另有「嚴蔚」(白文)、「海西杜讓柏秋氏客華所得法書名畫」(白文)、「嚴豹人書畫記」(朱文方印)。
      • Inscription Comment

        seals follow the first colophon
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Content

        題跋二為一白描人像,題「宋韓魏公遺像」(篆書),
      • Inscription Comment

        second colophon on the mount
      • Inscription Type

        seal
      • Inscription Content

        鈐「東吳世家」(白文)、「博求文獻」(朱文方印)。
      • Inscription Comment

        seals follow the second colophon
  • Curator's comments

    Farrer 1990: Cat. 4:
    "Chen Shun, also named Chen Daofu and Chen Baoyang, was a painter and calligrapher belonging to the Wu School of scholar-amateur painting in sixteenth-century Suzhou. He was a pupil of the painter Wen Zhengming and like his teacher he devoted himself to art and literature rather than following an official career. This hand scroll combines calligraphic virtuosity with fine painting. The opening section is the title of the scroll ‘Hall of Daytime Elegance’ (Zhoujintang) in large seal script. The use of a calligraphic title in a handscroll can be traced back to the Han dynasty, when stone stelae were surmounted by title-heads. In the hand scroll format the use of the frontispiece first appears in Buddhist sutras of the Yuan dynasty (1280-1368), and during the Ming dynasty they were used as a format for large handwriting, as can be seen in this scroll. The small painting which follows is by Chen Shun and depicts the Hall of Daytime Elegance which was the retreat of the Song official Han Qi (1008-1075). There follows a long piece of calligraphy on the same subject in Chen Shun’s large running script which is dated 1544. Such additional calligraphy is a fine complement to the painting. Chen’s rich elegant style moves fluently, alternating between thick dark strokes applied with pressure and thin lively lightly written characters, and between the full forms of the characters and the more abbreviated renderings. Following the calligraphy is a portrait of Han Qi painted in Song style, and a biography in superb seal script which ends the scroll. The seal script is of the highest quality, with the brush in complete control achieving perfect evenness and roundness of strokes. The combination of painting and calligraphy using as its subject matter a literary or historical personality or event is frequently found in painting of the scholar-amateur tradition, which seeks to express ideas through painting rather than mere outward forms."

    More 

  • Exhibition history

    2014 Mar-Jun, BM, G91, 'Along the Yangzi River' PROMISED

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1981

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1981,1110,0.1

  • Additional IDs

    • Ch.Ptg.Add.433 (Chinese Painting Additional Number)
Handscroll. General subject - miscellaneous. Followed by Zhoujintang ji script, annonymous portrait of Han Qi and biography of him. Ink on paper.
According to the register, calligraphic front piece. Signed.

Handscroll. General subject - miscellaneous. Followed by Zhoujintang ji script, annonymous portrait of Han Qi and biography of him. Ink on paper. According to the register, calligraphic front piece. Signed.

Image description

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