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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Cruciform pendant. Gold with a dished closed-back and set with garnets.

  • Date

    • 19thC(early)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 4.35 centimetres (including rings)
  • Bibliography

    • Gere et al 1984 47 bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    8 April 1994

    Treatment proposal

    Remove tarnish


    1983 Slightly tarnished and dirty RAR 1991 Tarnished CRE 1994 as above CRE

    Treatment details

    1983 Cleaned with Detarol EDTA 10% in water. Washed with tap water. Dried with tissue. RAR 1991 Tarnish removed using Goddards hotel silver dip applied using cotton wool swabs. Rinsed with distilled water / solvent on cotton wool swabs. dried with paper tissues CRE 1994 Polished using Goddards long term silver cloth. CRE

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • HG.268 (masterlist number)


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: MCT9613

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

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