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candlestick

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1980,0103.2

  • Description

    Candlestick; one of pair; cast brass with beaten-copper drip tray; four rectangular uprights rise from the base in an indented curve; between each upright at the base is set an oval cabochon of opaline glass.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1904-1905 (designed;circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 26.4 centimetres
    • Length: 11.3 centimetres (base)
    • Width: 11.1 centimetres (base)
  • Curator's comments

    Pair with 1980,0103.1
    Text from J. Rudoe, 'Decorative Arts 1850-1950. A catalogue of the British Museum collection'. 2nd ed. no.211.
    Müller taught at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Magdeburg from 1900 to 1906, and then at the Technische Hochschule in Darmstadt, where he was a member of the artists' colony from 1906 until its demise in 1918. He lived in Darmstadt until his death.
    A candlestick of this design is illustrated in an article on Müller in Die Kunst, Munich, XII, 1905, 322. Similar candlesticks were shown in the Dresden Exhibition of 1906, in the Herren-Arbeitszimmer (man's study) designed by Müller in Magdeburg (Deutsche Kunst & Dekoration, Darmstadt, XVIII, 1906, 633; 'Offizieller Katalog der Dritten Deutschen Kunstgewerbe-Ausstellung', Dresden 1906, Illustrierte Ausgabe, 35-6).
    Further metalwork by Müller was exhibited in the architect's Wohn-und Empfangszimmer (living and reception room; Offizieller Katalog, 38-9), made by the firms of Hueck and Gerhardi of Liidenscheid and by the WMF. Since the WMF did not always mark their products, it seems likely that they are the manufacturer of the candlesticks rather than the two Lüdenscheid firms, and indeed the candlesticks are to be found in WMF English export catalogues of 1906-c.1908: model no. 4352 E, described as 'copper, finished in Pompeiian green bronze colour'. Such an attribution would explain the illustration in Die Kunst, 1905, where the candlesticks are shown between two known WMF models. (Graham Dry first suggested that the candlesticks were made by the WMF and has kindly searched through all the surviving catalogues in the WMF factory archive in order to confirm the attribution. He has also noted that the candlesticks appear only in the factory's small selection of English catalogues and not in any of the German ones.)
    For a similar candlestick in silvered brass with red glass stones, see Darmstadt 1976, Kunsthalle,'Ein Dokument. Deutscher Kunst 1901-1976', 5 vols. no. 441.

    Information supplementary to Rudoe 1994:
            See also M. Collins, 'Towards Post-Modernism, Design since 1851', London, British Museum, revised ed. 1994, fig. 59.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Rudoe 1994 211 bibliographic details
    • Rudoe 1991 211 bibliographic details
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1980

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1980,0103.2


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Object reference number: MCT9916

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