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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    A sailing ship, seen from the stern. c.1460-80 Engraving

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1460-1480 (circa)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 227 millimetres
    • Width: 113 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    According to Hind, the treatment of the clouds indicates Florentine rather than North Italian work. Plate mark and ruled line are visible respectively in the right top corner and lower left side. As Zucker (in 'The Illustrated Bartsch, Commentary', vol. 24, part 2, 1994, p. 172, no. 032) suggested, the engraving possibly functioned as a pattern for artists working in various media.


  • Bibliography

    • TIB 24.2405.032 bibliographic details
    • Hind A.I.65 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Italian XVc Mounted Roy

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


A sailing ship, seen from the stern.  c1460-80

A sailing ship, seen from the stern. c1460-80 Engraving

Image description



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Object reference number: PPA40456

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