Candlestick; one of a pair; copper, beaten, with two square-section uprights riveted to a square pyramidal base.
- 1912 (designed;pre)
- 1915-1926 (made;circa)
- Workshop in: East Aurora
- (Americas,North America,United States of America,New York (state),Erie County,East Aurora)
- Height: 19.3 centimetres
- Width: 8.4 centimetres (base)
Inscription Typemaker's mark
Inscription Positionupper surface of base
Inscription CommentImpressed; within an orb and cross device (the Roycroft monogram).
Text from J. Rudoe, 'Decorative Arts 1850-1950. A catalogue of the British Museum collection'. 2nd ed. no. 264.
The Roycroft Workshops were founded as an Arts and Crafts community in 1900 by the American printer Elbert Hubbard (1856-1915). Initially centred round the Roycroft Press, the community soon expanded its activities to include the manufacture of leather goods, furniture and metalwork. The Roycroft Inn was built in 1903 to accommodate the increasing number of visitors and to house a shop. Following Hubbard's death on board the Lusitania in May 1915, the community survived under his son, Elbert, until 1938.
The Austrian designer and former banker Karl Kipp joined the Roycrofters in 1908, initially in the bindery, and established the Copper Shop in 1909, leaving in 1911 to form his own company in East Aurora, which he called the Tookay Shop, after his own initials. These candlesticks, known as 'Princess' candlesticks, appear in Tookay Shop advertisements in The House Beautiful between October 1912 and February 1913. Kipp rejoined the Roycrofters in 1915. It is not certain whether these candlesticks were designed during his early Roycroft period, before the Tookay Shop interlude of 1911-15; the candlesticks do not appear in the metalwork section of the 1910 Roycroft catalogue (reprinted in M.R. Stott, 'Rebel with reverence: Elbert Hubbard, a granddaughter's tribute', 2nd ed., Watkin's Glen, New York 1984, 65-74), but they appear regularly in Roycroft post-1915 catalogues until 1926. For full discussion of an identical pair bearing the mark of the Tookay Shop, see W. Scott Braznell in Boston 1987a, Museum of Fine Arts, 'The Art that is Life: The Arts & Crafts Movement in America 1875-1920'. ed. W. Kaplan.no. 209. The influence of the Wiener Werkstatte on Kipp's designs is also discussed here. For a general discussion of American Arts and Crafts metal-work, see C. Bohdan, 'Arts & Crafts Copperware', American Antiques, March-April 1979; T. Volpe and B. Cathers, 'Treasures of the American Arts & Crafts Movement 1890-1920', London 1988.
Prehistory and Europe
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Object reference number: MCT10514
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