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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Christmas procession at S Maria Maggiore, Rome; steps leading up to the church at l, a crowd watching the procession beyond, coaches at r, the Esquiline in the distance. 1674 Pen and brown ink

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1674
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 93 millimetres
    • Width: 175 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Dated: "lunedy 24 Decembre 1674" and inscribed with note beginning: "fontione fatta nel aprire la porta"
  • Curator's comments

    W. Schade, Claude Lorrain, 1998 ed., pl.5, in colour.

  • Bibliography

    • Roethlisberger 1076 bibliographic details
    • Hind 297 bibliographic details
  • Location

    French Roy XVIIc

  • Subjects

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PDO1802

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