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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    'Dancing on a Volcano': large crowd of people, many wearing sombreros, some on horse back, around the base of a volcano, with a man dancing on the rim. c.1927 Transfer drawing

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1927
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 347 millimetres
    • Width: 468 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

  • Location

    Dutch Imp XXc

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    14 August 1995

    Treatment proposal

    Remove hinges. Press. Stamp verso. Inlay, mount. Stamp as directed.


    Paper hinges on verso. Small loss L edge. Creased with weakened fibres T and B edges.

    Treatment details

    Hinges removed with Cellofas B3500 (sodium carboxymethyl cellulose) poultice and moist cotton wool swabs. Humidified over capillary matting and Gore-Tex in a chamber and pressed, repeated. Areas of weakened fibres due to creasing strengthened with 0.5% Klucel G (hydroxypropyl cellulose) size applied locally with a spray. Humidified over capillary matting and Gore-Tex in a chamber and pressed. Inlaid using Japanese paper strips and Cellofas B3500 (sodium carboxymethyl cellulose) adhesive.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    This item has an uncertain or incomplete provenance for the years 1933-45.

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: PDO2785

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