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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Study of a horse harnessed to a cart; standing to left, the cart partially indicated at right Black chalk

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1640-1654
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 88 millimetres
    • Width: 151 millimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Hind 12 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Dutch Roy XVIIc

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    14 December 1994

    Treatment proposal

    Lift, remove debris, repair as necessary, mount as directed.


    Adhered along edges to album page.

    Treatment details

    Lifted by undercutting with a scalpel, removed paper and adhesive debris by local application of poultice of Klucel G (hydroxypropyl cellulose) in distilled water, humidified, pressed, hinged using Japanese tissue and Cellofas B3500 (sodium carboxymethyl cellulose), mounted in an overthrow mount.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


Study of a horse harnessed to a cart; standing to l, the cart partially indicated r
Black chalk


Study of a horse harnessed to a cart; standing to l, the cart partially indicated r Black chalk

Image description



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Object reference number: PDO13861

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