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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    The arrival of William III with the Dutch Fleet, lower sheet; eight panels depicting the final days of the reign of James II until the arrival of William of Orange in England, a further panel at lower centre showing the sailing order of the Dutch fleet. c.1688 Etching

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1688
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 494 millimetres
    • Width: 588 millimetres (border)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered with titles to each of the panels, producer names and key.
  • Curator's comments

    This is an early state of the lower part only, for an impression of the top plate see also Y,1.105.

  • Bibliography

    • Hollstein 144 bibliographic details
    • Landwehr 150-151 bibliographic details
    • Muller 2722 bibliographic details
  • Location

    History 1688 Portfolio

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated events

    • Associated Event: Arrival of William III in England
    • Associated Event: Glorious Revolution
  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: PPA34818

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