A length of chequered cotton textile. Brown and light grey checks on a cream 'ground'; twill woven, machine made. The number '3' in blue pigment in one corner; selvedges at the shorter sides.
- Made in: Cyprus
- Found/Acquired: Cyprus
- Length: 46 centimetres
- Width: 71 centimetres
This collection of textiles, spinning implements and pottery from Cyprus was assembled by L.H. Dudley Buxton, an anthropologist, during his fieldwork in Cyprus in 1913 under the auspices of the Archaeological Expedition of the Brtitish Association. Buxton's research was published in: 'The Anthropology of Cyprus' ('The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute', 1920) and in 'Notes on Cypriot Textiles' (a series of four articles in 'Man', the Bulletin of the Royal Anthropological Society, 1921).
See also E. Papademetriou, 'Cypriot Ethnography Collections in British Museums, Nicosia 2000, pp.114 - 123.
The following information is taken from Papademetriou 2000:
'The textiles represent the three main types of Cypriot weaving according to Buxton's classification: (a) fabrics with a double warp, and silk fabrics, (b) Lapithos cotton cloth, (c) Lefkoniko cotton cloth. The lapithos type mainly consists of a number of thick twill or cotton silk textiles, 'pantelonikkia'; these were used for men's trousers ('pantelonia') and European style suits, which predominated in the urban areas from the beginning of the 20th century. These twills, woven with machine-made cotton, were wider - around 70cm - than the other local textiles, while their designs were copies - from merchants' samples - of expensive English materials. Nevertheless the latter gradually replaced the the local hand-woven ones. Most of the twills were bought from the shop of Costas Christodoulakis & Co. in Lapithos, who was trading them up to 1966. The trademark of the shop and the numbers which are labelled on them testify that these were his commercial samples.'
Prehistory and Europe
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Object reference number: EEU151
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