What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by



  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    A woman's scarf, brightly coloured, worn around the waist; part of festive attire. Square in shape and made of shiny synthetic twill woven fabric with damask patterning. Dark blue leaf motifs on an apricot-coloured ground in the centre with border designs worked in tones of yellow and green. The letters 'GSL & F' worked in one corner.


  • Date

    • 1900-1950
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 84 centimetres
    • Width: 78 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Eth Doc 1871: The costumes in this collection, and in Eu1993,07.1 to 61, were largley collected by Di Waller and Dan Lumley in the 1960s and early 1970s when Di Waller was based for some for the time in Skopje on a Leverhulme Scholarship. This costume would have first been worn by the bride on her wedding day and, once married, on feast days and special occasions. The remote village of Galičnik, high in the mountains near the Albanian border, is famed for its mass weddings which always took place on St John's Day in early summer when the men returned from work abroad.
    Compare with 2008,8011.13.
    For other parts of this festive wear see: 7: shirt; 8: coat; 9: jacket; 10: jacket; 11: waistcoat; 12: scarf; 13: apron and 14: belt.

    For a detailed description of how and the order in which this item of clothing was worn as part of a whole costume, see Eu1997,04.131See Olive Lodge 1935 (Sept), 'Džamutra, or the Bridegroom: Some Marriage Customs in the Villages around Tetovo in Serbian Macedonia or Southern Serbia (Part One), Folklore, Vol. 46, No. 3, (Sep., 1935): 244 - 267.


  • Exhibition history


    Case 3&4 ; 'Balkan Costume from the Waller Collection'; Museum of Mankind, 4.11.1994-26.03.1995.

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Purchased by the vendor from a family from Galičnik living in Skopje. The items in this collection [Eu1993,07] and in Eu1994,01 were collected largely by Di Waller and Dan Lumley in the 1960s and early 1970s when Di Waller was based for some of the time in Skopje on a Leverhulme Scholarship.

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: EEU1110

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 


Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help