painting / banner / 繪畫 / 幡
Painted banner of a bodhisattva holding a censer, wearing a bright red shawl with floral half-circle designs. Cartouche filled with yellow floral spray. Use of stencil is evident in that painting OA 1919,0101,0.122 is indentical but in reverse pose. Ink and colours on silk.
- Excavated/Findspot: Qian Fo Dong, Ch.i.005 (from bundle Ch.i at Cave 17 at Ch’ien Fo Tung (pinyin: Qian Fo Dong))
- (Asia,China,Gansu (province),Dunhuang,Qian Fo Dong (Caves of the Thousand Buddhas))
- Excavated/Findspot: 千佛洞
- Height: 68.2 centimetres
- Width: 19 centimetres
The interest of the late Tang Buddhist painters in brilliantly decorative effects is at once apparent in this painting, particularly in the crimson V-shaped stole with its alternating half-florets of green and white. The effect was added to, though not in any systematic fashion, by the headpiece, now kept separately, part of which is of brilliant red silk damask.
This banner is one of those that provide clear evidence for the use of stencils, since the Bodhisattva is identical, but in reversed pose, to that in Fig. 94. No doubt the fact that the outlines were obtained in this manner partly accounts for their unwavering precision. The figure of the Bodhisattva stands firmly; but the tassels of the canopy above are agitated in a manner more usually reserved to emphasise the sideways movement of Bodhisattvas such as Mañjusrī and Samantabhadra. Unusually also, the cartouche is here filled with a floral spray in yellow. Along with paintings such as the Bodhisattva of Pl.56, this banner must date from the later part of the ninth century.唐代佛教畫師在明亮裝飾效果方面的興趣，在這幅畫中立即變得明顯起來，尤其是交替出現綠色和白色半圓形花紋的赤紅色V字形天衣。現在被單獨存放的幡頭,其中一部分就是明亮的紅色綿緞製成的。
9 June 2004
Prepare textiles for digital photography . Clean and humidify as necessary. Support those which are fragmentary in appropriate method. Improve storage.
Banner fragments in poor condition, creased, fragmentary, poorly stored, difficult to access and handle.
Humidified using Goretex. Red tab and white silk areas were adhesive supported onto dyed silk crepeline patches, previously coated with Lascaux 360 and 498V in 1:2 ratio, 10% solution in water. The adhesive was reactivated once patches were in situ using IMS vapour applied via blotters.The remains of a blue streamer on heading and stick was adhesive supported onto dyed silk crepeline coated with 2% Klucel G adhesive. This was also reactivated in situ using IMS vapour applied via blotters.The stick was supported by stitching onto card and melinex using silk thread and strip of melinex.Storage system using melinex and correx was devised.
For full acquisition history, see 1919,0101,0.1.
- Ch.i.005 (Stein no.)
Front Painted banner of a bodhisattva holding a censer, wearing a bright red shawl with floral half-circle designs. Cartouche filled with yellow floral spray. Use of stencil is evident in that Stein Painting OA 1919,0101,0.122 is indentical but in reverse pose. Ink and colours on silk.
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Object reference number: RFC742
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