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painting / banner / 繪畫 / 幡

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Painted banner of Avalokiteśvara standing on a lotus and holding a vase. His feet point straight out sideways. Ink and colours on silk.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 851-900 (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 56.5 centimetres
    • Width: 16.5 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    This Bodhisattva exhibits certain resemblances with Pls. 46-48, already discussed as perhaps emanating from the Khotan region. The similarities are in the proportions-rather straight legs, large or clumsy feet, and arms long in relation to the height-and also in the way the end of the dhoti hangs straight down between the legs. The figure seems altogether too large for the space available (even the halo is obscured by the striped border above). Nevertheless other characteristics such as the extensive use of ink, both for the under-drawing in the figure and for the final outlines of the drapery, suggest a Chinese hand.
    Some minor features point to a date in the second half of the ninth century. The ink line separating the lips is slightly swollen at each end, but with the tip of the brush re-emerging; and over the shoulders, behind the hair, an orangered shawl makes an arbitrary double loop on either side. This kind of loop, with streamers reaching to the elbow, can be seen clearly in a painting dated A.D.864 (Pl. 23-3), but evidently it was already well established by then. It may have been intended to show the bow tied centrally at the nape of the neck (Pl. 55).此菩薩原先的講述是從和闐地方帶回的作品,與圖46-48的菩薩像有相似點。體型比例的相似點是:腿線大致筆直,腳龐大粗笨,与身高相比,兩臂過長這種體型特徵,而且腰布的端頭垂落于兩腳間。像的描繪占滿空間,只是在此畫中似乎過於龐大(頭光和上方的邊飾重疊在一起)。然而,在其他方面,如像的底线和衣紋的勾勒均頻繁使用墨線等,顯示了中國的製作特徵。


  • Bibliography

    • Chandra & Singhal 1995 p.96 bibliographic details
    • Stein 1921a p.962 bibliographic details
    • Whitfield 1982 pl.50 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    31 March 2004

    Treatment proposal

    Make safe for long term study and storage.


    Streamers detached and poorly stored. Fragile and fragmentary

    Treatment details

    Humidified on Goretex to realign. Supported on dyed silk crepeline using Lascaux 360/498 adhesive 1:2

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    For full acquisition history, see 1919,0101,0.1.

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Ch.00113 (Stein no.)
Painted banner of  Avalokitesvara standing on a lotus and holding a vase. His feet point straight out sideways. Ink and colours on silk.

Front Painted banner of Avalokitesvara standing on a lotus and holding a vase. His feet point straight out sideways. Ink and colours on silk.

Image description



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