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painting / banner / 繪畫 / 幡

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1919,0101,0.106

  • Description

    Painted banner with lokapala Virūpākṣa, Guardian of the West, with red face (his distinctive colour) and splendidly dressed, stamping on a demon. Blank cartouche on left side. Ink and colours on silk.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 9thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 45.5 centimetres
    • Width: 16 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Both Virūpāksa in this banner and Dhrtarāstra in the following one are magnificently attired but kingly rather that demonic in their appearance and thoughtful rather than threatening. The figures on which they stand, too, are supportive and recognizably human rather than cringing long-haired demonic types. The manner of their depiction with short thick and thin lines is similar to that of the Vajrapāni of Pl. 58 which Nagahiro (1964) has contrasted with the even, continuous lines characteristic, even for figures such as a Vajrapāni, of the early eighth century. Following his argument, a date in the middle or late ninth century seems possible.
    In Stein’s opinion this banner belonged to the same series as that of Dhrtarāstra in the following plate. The two are technically similar, unlike most of the banners, in having a selvedge at the bottom, so that the warp is horizontal instead of vertical. They also have similar sage-green streamers.此廣目天像幡畫和下一圖的持國天,有漂亮的裝飾,與其說是鬼神,不如說有王者風範更合適,與其說威赫不如説是智慧。兩者腳踏的地鬼都被踏扁,不是長髮的魔鬼形象,而是表現理解和支持的人類。描法是使用連接肥瘦不一的短線,近於圖58的金剛力士像的描法。關於此描法,長廣敏雄先生(《東方學報》1964年)講,只有8世紀前半葉的金剛力士像才使用無停頓的順暢線描。因此,根據先生的論點,該畫是9世紀中葉或者後半葉的作品較爲妥當。
    斯坦因將此幡看作和下一圖持國天的幡屬同一系列的作品。兩者的技法相似。與其他所有幡的區別的,還有來自下端的織邊,經線和畫面是水平走向而非垂直走向。再者,兩個都有同樣的青綠色幡腳。

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Whitfield & Farrer 1990 cat.no.42 bibliographic details
    • Stein 1921a p.1052 bibliographic details
    • Whitfield 1982 pl.61 bibliographic details
    • Whitfield 2004b pl.95 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1919

  • Acquisition notes

    For full acquisition history, see 1919,0101,0.1.

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1919,0101,0.106

  • Additional IDs

    • Ch.xlix.007 (Stein no.)
Front
Painted banner with lokapala Virupaksa, Guardian of the West, with red face (his distinctive colour) and splendidly dressed, stamping on a demon. Blank cartouche on left side. Ink and colours on silk.

Front Painted banner with lokapala Virupaksa, Guardian of the West, with red face (his distinctive colour) and splendidly dressed, stamping on a demon. Blank cartouche on left side. Ink and colours on silk.

Image description

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