painting / banner / 繪畫 / 幡
Painted banner with two scenes from the Life of the Buddha, with a black cartouche beside each. The top scene shows the pleasures of life in the palace: Śākyamuni seated with wife Yasodhara, watching musicians. The bottom scene shows the departure of Śākyamuni on horseback above the palace. Ink and colours on silk.
- Excavated/Findspot: Qian Fo Dong, Ch.xlix.005 (from Cave 17 at Ch’ien Fo Tung (pinyin: Qian Fo Dong))
- (Asia,China,Gansu (province),Dunhuang,Qian Fo Dong (Caves of the Thousand Buddhas))
- Excavated/Findspot: 千佛洞
- Height: 50 centimetres
- Width: 20 centimetres
This banner consists of two scenes only, each as usual accompanied by a cartouche, left blank. Although it displays no great sophistication, the depiction is engagingly direct, and not without a touch of humour.
At the top, Sākyamuni is seen seated on a dais in the centre, with his wife Yasodharā in the side verandah. Before them is a dancer, in Chinese costume with long sleeves and cloud-toed shoes, accompanied by musicians and two kneeling figures. The scene represents Sākyamuni’s life of pleasure in his father’s palace, while that below shows his departure by night. This scene takes place between the walls of the palace. Guards can be seen in front, carrying banners; other banners seen over the upper wall indicate the presence of more guards, and two are within the walls. All wear scale armour, and all save the one in the gateway make the gesture of cupping one hand to their ear, to catch the sound of the unseen departure. One indeed is seen stretched out as if asleep, but still making this gesture. Above the palace S��kyamuni rides his horse, each hoof supported by a kneeling figure to muffle the sound. The scene marks Sākyamuni’s departure from the palace to the life of austerities and would probably have been followed by a farewell scene with his horse and groom, as in Pls. 29 and 38.此幡僅包括兩個場景，每個按慣例有一個長方形題簽，但沒有文字。沒有運用很複雜的手法，表現質樸，並且還有些許的幽默。
- Associated Event: Life of the Buddha
For full acquisition history, see 1919,0101,0.1.
- Ch.xlix.005 (Stein no.)
Front Painted banner with two scenes from the Life of the Buddha, with a black cartouche beside each. The top scene shows the pleasures of life in the palace: Sakyamuni seated with wife Yasodhara, watching musicians. The bottom scene shows the departure of Sakyamuni on horseback above the palace. Ink and colours on silk.
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Object reference number: RFC711
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