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painting / 繪畫

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Painting of Avalokiteśvara with a long dark green scarf, standing on a lotus between two tall, waving stems of lotuses. He holds a willow spray and a sprinkler vase. Ink and colours on silk.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 851-900 (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 103.1 centimetres
    • Width: 71.2 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    The Bodhisattva stands on a lotus pedestal with downturned petals, between two large waving stems with three-petalled flowers intended for lotuses; the topmost flower on the left stem has a fully developed lotus pod. From his shoulders a dark green scarf spirals downwards, in contrast to the upward movement of the flowering stems. In his right hand he holds a willow spray, and in his left a sprinkler vase with a single flower stem somewhat improbably issuing from its tapering mouth.
    The depiction of the face and torso is for the most part in smooth curves, giving rather full outlines to the face, with plump chest and arms. The hair is shown as a smooth arch over the forehead, with thick black segments behind the shoulders and a high topknot. Some of these features are also visible in Pl.2, and together with details of the garments such as the exaggerated loops of the shorter shoulder scarf, ending just below the elbows, can be compared with, for instance, Vol. 1, Pl.23, which is dated in the fifth year of Xiantong 咸通五年(A.D. 864),and with Stein painting 391 (Ch. 00451, in the National Museum of India, New Delhi),dated with a cyclical combination (甲申十一月)corresponding to the same year, A.D. 864(Stein, Thousand Buddhas, Pl. XLIV). A date in the second half of the ninth century is therefore suggested for this work. The construction is somewhat unusual in that a half-width of silk is sewn down the right side of the painting only. The painting has lost its original borders.此觀音站在覆瓣的蓮華座上,兩旁好像蓮花樣的帶有三瓣花的植物莖,彎彎曲曲高高挺立著。左側莖上端的花瓣已落,剩下種子。觀音手臂上濃綠色的天衣螺旋狀卷著,與挺立的帶花的莖的變化相對。觀音右手持柳條枝,左手持淨瓶,淨瓶細口中插入一枝頭上有朵小花的彎曲植物。


  • Bibliography

    • Chandra & Singhal 1995 p.97 bibliographic details
    • Whitfield 1983 pl.3 bibliographic details
    • Stein 1921a pp.956-957; vol.IV, pl.LXIX bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    For full acquisition history, see 1919,0101,0.1.

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Ch.0088 (Stein no.)

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