painting / 繪畫
Painting of the Bodhisattva Kṣitigarbha shown as a monk, in patched robe, holding a khakkhara (beggar's staff) and cintamani (flaming jewel). Unusually, he wears a hood, as a travelling monk would. The male donor at the bottom is identifiable as a young boy by his hairdo. Ink and colours on silk.
- 901-950 (circa)
- Excavated/Findspot: Qian Fo Dong, Ch.0084 (from Cave 17 at Ch'ien Fo Tung (pinyin: Qian Fo Dong))
- (Asia,China,Gansu (province),Dunhuang,Qian Fo Dong (Caves of the Thousand Buddhas))
- Excavated/Findspot: 千佛洞
- Height: 55.5 centimetres
- Width: 39.8 centimetres
Certain points, both the small scale of the painting and the delicacy with which it was painted, and especially the use of pink colouring for the face and hands, seem to link this painting with the Avalokitesvara of the preceding entry (Pl. 7). Therefore, although it bears no inscription it seems quite likely to date from the beginning of the tenth century. This accords well with the growing popularity of Ksitigarbha at that time, attested by other paintings showing the Bodhisattva with the Ten Kings of the Underworld (see notes to Pls. 22-24).
Ksitigarbha is shown seated, holding the khakkhara, or staff, in his right hand and a cintamani, or flaming jewel, in his left. These are his usual attributes. Here at Dunhuang this painting is representative of the hooded Ksitigarbha, where the Bodhisattva, who as usual wears a monk’s patched robe, is seen as a traveling monk, using his cape to cover his head. This iconographical type is unusual, since it has been found only at Dunhuang and subsequently in Korean paintings. It is not found at all in Buddhist paintings in Japan. The painting still retains its border of pale greenish blue silk.同樣是小幅的作品，優美的畫風，特別是臉和手部的粉色的運用等若干處，都與上一圖（圖7）的觀世音菩薩像有聯繫，雖然沒有題記，但從這些地方可以判斷此畫大約爲10世紀初的作品。這種推斷也符合當時敦煌地區地藏信仰盛行的事實，而且其它的畫像，如伴隨冥府十王的《地藏十王圖》也證明了這一點（參照圖22～24的解說）。
2016 – 2017, Germany, PROMISED
For full acquisition history, see 1919,0101,0.1.
- Ch.0084 (Stein no.)
Painting of the Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha shown as a monk, in patched robe, holding a khakkara (mendicant's staff) and cintamani (flaming jewel). Unusually, he wears a hood, as a travelling monk would. The male donor at the bottom is identifiable as a young by his hairdo. Ink and colours on silk.
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Object reference number: RFC391
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