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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Black granite kneeling naophorous male figure wearing the bag-wig; shrine contains Osiris; incised Hieroglyphic text on the back-pillar, sides of the shrine and round the plinth; upper body repaired.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 38 centimetres
    • Width: 13.5 centimetres
    • Depth: 21 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

  • Curator's comments

    See PM viii, p. 812.
    Von Kanel, Les pretres-ouab de Sekhmet et les conjurateurs de Serket (1984): 41-6, pls.12-13 [Doc.40]
    G. Pinch, Magic in Ancient Egypt (London 1994), fig.25.

  • Exhibition history


    2005-2006 Oct-Feb, Houston Museum of Natural Sciences, Mummy: The Inside Story
    2006 7 Mar-6 Aug, Mobile (Alabama), Gulf Coast Exploreum Science Center, Mummy: The Inside Story
    2006-2007 6 Oct-18 Feb, Tokyo National Museum, Mummy: The Inside Story
    2007 17 Mar-17 Jun, Kobe City Museum, Mummy: The Inside Story
    2010/11 Oct-Mar, Leiden, National Museum Of Antiquities, Egyptian Magic

  • Condition

    fair (repaired)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: YCA59822

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