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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Upper section of a steatite shabti with incised detail; a curled lappet-wig with ringlets, a modelled face(damaged), a collar and crossed hands in relief holding two hoes; the back-pillar is inscribed with a funerary formula invoking Osiris to strengthen the shabti, in white inlaid Hieroglyphs; the leg section has broken away.


  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 7.85 centimetres (maximum)
    • Width: 6.56 centimetres
    • Depth: 4.04 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Transliteration

        ḥtp di nswt Wsir ḥḳʒ Tʒ-ḏsr di.f rwḏ šʒbt (rest lost).
      • Inscription Translation

        An offering that the king gives to osiris ruler of the Sacred Land that he may cause to be firm the shabti (rest lost) Titles/epithets include : Ruler of the Sacred Land
      • Inscription Comment

        Inlaid in white; a prayer to Osiris.
  • Condition

    incomplete - leg section missing

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: YCA42928

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