What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by


intaglio / finger-ring

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Intaglio; sard; wreath of two palm-branches enclosing inscription; mounted in gold ring.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 3rdC-4thC
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 13 millimetres
    • Width: 9.5 millimetres
    • Thickness: 4 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Transliteration

  • Curator's comments

    Text from Dalton 1915, Catalogue of Engraved Gems:
    cf. Smith and Cheetham, Dict. of Christian Antiquities, i, p. 713; Garrucci, Storia dell' arte cristiana, pl. 477, figs. 20,21.
    For gems inscribed with ichthus (Greek characters) as the mystic name of Christ, see de Rossi, in Pitra's Spicilegium Solemense, iii, p. 555. For the symbolic fish in general, see F. Dölger in Römische Quartalschrift, xxiii, (1909), pp. 1ff. and 145 ff., and Das Fischsymbol in frühchristicher Zeit, Rome 1910.

    Supplementary information to Dalton 1915:
    Dalton mistakenly attributed this to the 1772 Hamilton Collection, whereas it is not marked with an H and is registered as OA. 6508.

    It may possibly come from the Townley Coll. 1815 as it is described without number in draft lists of T. gems (See Ms. Inventories of Gems in G&R Dept, pp. 7 & 12).

    Published: DCA, London, 1893, p. 713; DACL, Paris, 1924, col. 821, fig. 4962.


  • Bibliography

    • Spier 2007 149 bibliographic details
    • Dalton 1915 510 bibliographic details
    • Dalton 1901 9 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


There is no image of this object, or there may be copyright restrictions

Image service:

Request new photography



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: MCB92

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 


Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help