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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Intaglio; red jasper, engraved with an anchor with dolphin upon the shaft; inscribed.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 3rdC-4thC
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 50 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Transliteration

      • Inscription Translation

        Of Epitynchanus
  • Curator's comments

    Text from Dalton 1915, Catalogue of Engraved Gems:
    Garrucci, Storia dell' arte cristiana, pl. 477, fig. 30; Smith and Cheetham, Dict. of Christian Antiquities, i, p. 714.
    The inscription may either give the name of the owner Epitynchanus in the genitive, or, as Leclerque thinks, the imperative of Epitynchanusthai (Greek characters) with the sense of 'take hold' (Manuel d'archéologie chrétienne, ii, fig. 292, p. 380).


  • Bibliography

    • Dalton 1901 4 bibliographic details
    • Dalton 1915 505 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

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  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


Intaglio; red jasper; anchor with dolphin upon the shaft; inscribed.


Intaglio; red jasper; anchor with dolphin upon the shaft; inscribed.

Image description



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Object reference number: MCB163

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