Fragment of undyed cream wool with a tapestry Greek cross in yellow outlined in black and decorated with five "jewels", half red, half green. Bars of cross finish in horn-like projections. "Coptic"
Materials: wool; Technique: simple tabby, tapestry on single warp threads; Warp: S-spin, c.14 ends per cm; Weft: S-spin, c. 12 picks per cm in plain areas, c.34 in tapestry; Edges: cut or fragmentary; Sewing: none.
Textile fragment of undyed white wool; yellowish-brown ground decorated with a Greek cross, outlined in black wool with decorated squares in red and green on pale brown.
- Found/Acquired: Qaw el-Kebir
- (Africa,Egypt,Upper Egypt,Qaw el-Kebir)
- Length: 22 centimetres
- Width: 18.5 centimetres
Medium, fragmentary on one side.
3 January 2008
Remove from sticky net (which is sticking to current correx board). Support on fabric covered board.
The fragment has previously been attached to a ‘sticky’ net, a nylon net coated with PVA(?) adhesive. Since there is no previous treatment record it is not known when this was done, but judging by the fine nylon net it is likely to have been sometime within the last thirty years. The adhesive used is probably thermoplastic.The fragment is mostly complete, although it has no finished edges. The edges are raw and fraying and at one edge there is a small fragment attached by just a couple of threads. This is prevented from coming loose by the ‘sticky’ net, although the weave was not aligned when this was done and the fragment is not correctly positioned. There is some surface staining but overall the fragment is in a fairly good condition and the fibres do not appear to be too friable.
As the fragment was fairly complete, tests were carried out to remove the ‘sticky’ net so that the fragment could lie on a fabric covered board for storage. It was found that as the net wasn’t too strongly adhered to the textile, it could partly be peeled off with the help of a palette knife, without too many loose fibres remaining attached to the net. On parts where the adhesion was stronger a very small amount of acetone on a cotton swab was used to dissolve the adhesive. No water was used in trying to swell the adhesive as it was felt to be preferable not to introduce water to the fibres. A square of net was retained in the area underneath and surrounding the small fragment attached by only a few threads, so that it could not become detached. If the fragment were mounted for display in the future, this net could very easily be removed from this area and the fragment repositioned and secured.On the reverse three red woollen threads and a very small red woven woollen fragment was found. There is a possibility that this comes from another part of the textile as the red colour is very much like the colour in the fragment’s motif. Other loose threads were also found. The small fragment and the threads were placed in a Perspex sample box and labelled so that they do not become separated from the fragment. A board was made for the fragment to lay on in its box. It was made from two sheets of Correx (polypropylene/polyethylene copolymer,coorugated sheet) cut with the grain in different directions to give it maximum strength and to prevent the board from bowing. The Correx sheets were held together with gummed linen tape all the way around the sides with Vinamul 3252 (vinyl acetate,ethylene copolymer) applied to the tape. A 10 cm border of adhesive (Vinamyl 3252) was applied on the reverse of the board and allowed to dry. The front was covered with thin cotton domette which was turned over to the reverse and heat sealed to a 5 cm margin of the dried adhesive using an iron. The domette was stretched as much as possible. This was covered with an undyed cotton calico which was also heat sealed to the remaining adhesive on the back of the board. Gummed linen tape with extra adhesive (Vinamul 3252) was put over the edges of the calico to secure it. The fragment was placed on the board inside the box, with the small sample box.
Prehistory and Europe
- OA.758 (registered under OA number from 18.1.1973 - 19.9.1989.)
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Object reference number: MCB346
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