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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Tunic; linen and wool fragment; brown fabric decorated with a pattern of dark blue and cream wool worked in squares and circles in a dark blue/green; With in ornaments decorated in geometrical designs, lozenges and arranged in rectangles with medallions at the centre of squares and finishing bars. Outer borders of trefoils. Nine other fragments stored separately.


  • Culture/period

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 44 centimetres
    • Width: 28 centimetres
  • Condition

    Poor; worn and fragmentary.

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    25 September 2006

    Treatment proposal

    Remove from Melinex. Adhesive coated net is firmly adhered.


    Textile fragments have been adhered to a nylon net backing with an unknown adhesive.

    Treatment details

    In the past, the textile fragment was adhered to nylon net (sticky net). The fragment has been stored in a Melinex (polyester) sleeve. During summer 2005, as part of the restorage of the P&E textile collection, this sleeve which was sealed at the edges with sticky tape which had failed over time, was replaced (restorage project carried out by Anna Harrison and Catherine Petit de Bantel). It was then found that the sticky net had become closely adhered to the Melinex sleeve.

    In the Organic Artefacts Conservation Studio the fragment was detached from the Melinex through mechanical means. A metal spatula was used to carefully separate the net from the Melinex. The net remained firmly adhered to the textile. The fragment and netting were then placed between two pieces of silicone coated, 23 micron Melinex. This 'sandwich' was then slipped into the 'standard' Melinex sleeve for the P&E textiles. This consisted of an inner sleeve which is sealed along one long edge and is then slipped into an outer sleeve which is sealed along two short edges. This is designed to allow easy access to the textile.

    About these records 

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


Tunic; linen and wool fragment, Coptic


Tunic; linen and wool fragment, Coptic

Image description



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Object reference number: MCB988

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